Articles

How do you tell a chick’s temperature?

There are several options to measure the chicks’ temperature and to see whether it’s normal. Small chicks’ feet must never feel cold when you feel them against your cheek, or better still against your lips or the back of your hand. Cold feet are a sign that the heat from the birds is being sucked away via the surface they are standing on….more

Read more...

Interactive Chicken Anatomy

Interactive resource on the chicken anatomy. See more An understanding of the anatomy and physiology of birds, and the different body systems found in the bird, is useful when an understanding of how poultry work or function, is sought. Knowledge of bird anatomy (body parts) and physiology (body function) enables the poultry industry to maximise bird performance and maintain good welfare practices. See more

Read more...

Best quality hatching eggs

The most important goal of any fertile-egg producer is to be the best, consistent quality supplier of the best quality hatching eggs to the hatcheries. Everything starts at the breeder level, …Uniform hatching eggs of good quality is the result of good breeder management… It starts with the breeder pullets that he receives. Uniform eggs from uniform hens is what the business is all about. The lighting programme should be set so as to stimulate the hens to lay the majority [...]

Read more...

Chickens empower and change lives

Chickens are seen as humble creatures however their contribution historically and now is significant. For those in extreme poverty, chickens change families in need to empowering families with choices of food and creating a community small business for income. Recently, the Baptist World Aid shared that in some countries “women do not have a lot of access or control….. cows and goats are controlled by men. But with a chicken, a woman doesn’t need to ask permission…Some of the chickens and eggs are eaten and the [...]

Read more...

Egg washing

Previous studies have demonstrated that presence of water on the shell surface can undermine the egg’s physical defences. Water contaminated with significant amounts of iron or organic matter enters the egg and the egg’s chemical defences can be compromised. The main line of egg defence is the presence of the cuticle layer that plugs pores and prevents bacterial penetration taking place. Washing eggs can erode the cuticle however the incidence of internal contamination may be reduced significantly provided certain basic rules are followed. [...]

Read more...

Post hatch nutrition

The avian immune system begins in the embryo and continues for several weeks after hatch. Feed provides nutrients essential for the growth and development of both primary and secondary lymphoid organs. In commerical poultry operations, hatchery practices dictate sexing, vaccination and packaging for transaportation post hatch. Chicks spend considerable time without feed or water which affects bird growth. Oral feed intake is essential for rapid growth and the immune system of the hatchling. Residual yolk is internalised into the abdominal cavity and [...]

Read more...