Choosing an Incubator

Which incubator?

Choosing an Incubator_print version

Two very important things to note when buying an incubator.
Firstly, there is no such thing as a set-and-forget incubator. Even the most advanced incubators need some hands-on work, daily observation of temperature and candling of eggs.
Secondly, there is no “best” incubator for all situations as what is the “best” for you may not suit another. The incubator hatch rate is determined by factors including quality of fertile eggs, user experience, breeder bird’s diet, egg storage and handling conditions, breeder genetics and more.

The three main things to consider are egg capacity, budget and bells-and-whistles:

Egg Capacity
How many eggs would you like to incubate at a time? We have incubators with capacity ranging from 3, 10, 20, 50 and up to 670 chicken eggs (depending on egg size):

Rcom 3 will hold up to 3 chicken eggs or 7 quail eggs
Rcom 10 will hold up to 10 chicken eggs
Rcom King Suro, Rcom 20 MX, Rcom 20 Pro, Covatutto and Lyon TX incubators hold up to 20 chicken eggs, 10 duck eggs or 40 quail eggs
Bellsouth 100 with semi or auto turner will hold up to 48 chicken eggs
Rcom 50 MX and Rcom 50 Pro will hold up to 50 chicken eggs, 24 duck eggs and 116 quail eggs
Lyon RX (Rollex) holds up to 89 chicken eggs
Bellsouth 100 manual version will hold up to 100 chicken eggs
Maru CT190 will hold up to 128 chicken eggs
Maru CT380 will hold up to 252 chicken eggs.

Budget
How many eggs you need your incubator to hold will narrow the range of incubators to one or two that will be suitable. From there, make a decision based on your budget, which will need to be considered against the incubators bells-and-whistles.

Bells-and-whistles
How much do you want your incubator to do for you? As it says at the beginning, there is no such thing as a set-and-forget incubator, but you can get a considerable amount of extra features as the price increases. The more you are willing to spend, the more the incubator will do for you. That said, you will learn a lot more about the incubation process the more hands on you are.

As an example, let’s say you want to buy an incubator for 15 eggs. The options available are an Rcom King Suro, and Rcom 20 Standard, an Rcom 20 Pro or a Bellsouth 100 (auto, semi-auto or manual) or Lyon TX which vary on the price scale.

If you have a larger budget and want the incubator to be able to do quail and duck eggs as well then the Rcom 20 Pro is probably the best bet as it has settings for the different breeds that can be programmed and saved and has fully automatic turning. If you want the same capabilities but have a small budget, then a Bellsouth 100 manual is just over a quarter of the price and will also be able to do any of those breeds but will require a lot more observation and work turning the eggs and maintaining good humidity.

If you had a modest budget but only wanted to do chicken eggs then an Rcom King Suro might be your best option.

Check out our eshop for incubator details and pricing.

Rcom vs Bellsouth Incubators_print version

What are the differences between an Rcom 20 or 50 and Bellsouth 100 incubator?

Selecting the right machine will depend on what you need and your budget.

Type of Incubator
Rcom use fans to distribute heat and humidity around the incubator whereas the Bellsouth 100 incubator is a still air which mimics the hen sitting on eggs. The thermostat probe sits above the egg to regulate heat and create a thermal gradient.

How many eggs?
Rcom 20 hold up to 20 chicken eggs whereas Rcom 50 holds up to 50 chicken eggs. Bellsouth 100 manual version holds up to 100 chicken eggs. The Bellsouth semi-automatic and automatic holds up to 48 chicken eggs.

Manual, semi-automatic or automatic turning?
Rcom has automatic turning only.The Bellsouth 100 comes as a manual turn, semi-auto or automatic turning.

Species of eggs
Rcom 20 and 50 standard have universal trays and will take small eggs and up to turkey size (not emu or ostrich). The Rcom Pro incubators come with moulded egg trays (chicken, duck and quail only). The Bellsouth 100 automatic incubator has a tray with dividers and will take small eggs, up to turkey size (not emu or ostrich). One species of egg can be incubated at a time due to the probe sitting at the common height of the egg.

Where will the incubator be housed?

Ideally use an insulated, incubation room 15 degrees C or above for any egg incubator.

How do you want the incubator to operate?
Rcom 20 or 50 have push button (Standard MX version) or main menu driven (Pro version) with visual display. Whereas the Bellsouth has an adjustable temperature rod left or right to adjust incubator temperature. Wait to see adjustment on spirit thermometer to check adjustment in temperature is suitable.

Do you want visual, digital menu displays or simply manual viewing?
Rcom incubators have digital displays with temperature and humidity readings. The Bellsouth 100 incubator requires a visual check of supplied spirit thermometer to check temperature. Nil humidity display. Candle eggs to track humidity accuracy for all incubators.

Rcom Incubators_print version

Rcom incubator FAQs

Rcom 3
Rcom 3 incubator

Rcom 3 incubator
Features (what it can do):
• Incubate 3 chicken eggs horizontally (the eggs roll on their sides)
• Incubate 7 quail or similar sized eggs horizontally
• Choose settings for incubation such as species type, turner timing, angle turning which you can change during incubation
• Other birds incubation type available for custom or ‘Other bird’ settings
• The countdown feature will count down and will automatically cease turning 3 days before hatch day
• Alarms when ready for more water for humidification or over temperature
• Includes a hatch tray to assist with keeping the turning rollers clean.

What the Rcom 3 cannot do:
• Cannot automatically adjust humidity (static humidity) as the humidity varies with ambient air

Rcom 10 incubator

Rcom 10 incubator
Rcom 10 series
• Eco – hand turning, manual temperature and humidity
Economic edition. Innovative design, easy to use manual turning.
Egg tray supplied, thermometer supplied, turning disk supplied.

• Rcom 10 Pro – automatic turning, digital display temperature and manual humidity. Moulded egg tray supplied. Candler inbuilt.

• Rcom 10 Pro Plus – automatic turning, digital display temperature and automatic humidity. Moulded egg tray supplied. Candler inbuilt.

Rcom King Suro 20
This is the budget model of the Rcom 20 egg incubator as there is assembly required when it comes out of the box. Assembly involves screwing the rods onto the rocking cradle and attaching the humidity pump.

Unlike the Rcom 3, 10 or 20, the King Suro 20 will hold your eggs vertically between universal dividers, during incubation for maximising space whilst turning your eggs. So your eggs rock – not roll.
Rcom King Suro incubator

Rcom King Suro incubator
The eggs are gently turned on a rocking cradle. Take the main body of the incubator off the rocking cradle three days before hatch.
Features (what it can do):
• Turn your eggs (gently rocking like a large cabinet style incubator)
• Has Swiss Sensirion sensor for maintaining set humidity and temperature
• The external humidity pump means you can put the silicone tubing into an extra-large water container when you are going away for a long weekend.

What it can’t do:
Does not have a countdown feature nor does it automatically switch off turning 3 days before hatch.

The King Suro incubator base fits the King Suro Eco hatcher for seamless transfer of eggs.

Rcom 20 series
The Rcom 20 MX or standard series come with an adjustable tray or universal dividers. Adjustable trays can cause egg migration, where the eggs tent to “walk “up and down the grids. Place same egg ends together i.e. pointy ends together and round ends together.
The Rcom 20 Pro come with pre-moulded egg trays for 48 quail eggs, 20 chicken eggs and 10 duck eggs.
How is the Rcom 20 Pro different to the Rcom 20 MX standard?
Rcom 20 Pro

Rcom 20 Pro
How is the Rcom 20 Pro different to the Rcom 20 MX standard?
• Front digital display differs: Rcom 20 has a static temperature and humidity display whereas the Rcom 20 Pro has an interactive menu which saves your settings
• Rcom 20 Pro has the 3 moulded egg trays rather than universal tray dividers
• Rcom 20 Pro has programmable turning control which allows you to program when auto turning ceases automatically three days before hatch.

Rcom roller tray Rcom roller tray

Can I put two different ages of eggs in the Rcom incubator at once? Yes you can but it is a significant disadvantage for 2 reasons:
1/ The first chicks to hatch will walk all over the other eggs, knocking them around, and soiling them with hatch residue. This enables cross contamination of the eggs.
2/ The eggs due to hatch should not be turned, and the eggs which still need incubation should still be turned.

Also, opening the incubator to turn the eggs during hatch is a significant problem for the chicks just hatching, so it cannot be recommended.
Not turning the eggs which have a long period still to incubate is not good for those eggs, so they are compromised as well.
So not a good idea unless you have another incubator, and transfer the eggs out to hatch in a separate machine.

I have parrot or specialty eggs and wish to incubate some and hatch others in the Rcom 20 Pro incubator at once?
Yes, you can purchase an optional roller assembly for your Rcom 20 Pro and Rcom 50 Pro or the rollers only for the Rcom 20 MX (standard) and Rcom 50 MX (standard).

General tips
As with all electronics, incubators are susceptible to power surges and lightning strikes. These are difficult to guard against and standard household surge suppressors are not ideal for containing large and long power surges. We recommend the use of computer UPS power supplies for those in areas where power supplies are unstable or have frequent short shutdowns. The problem with these situations is that the return of power is often accompanied by a period of high voltage, and this can be detrimental to the power supply in the incubator. UPS systems are available from all computer stores and large retailers. In recent times the widespread use of computers has caused a great reduction in the price of these units so the security is worthwhile, especially with rare eggs.

Hatchabatch app

Hatchabatch app

Want to know more about incubation or track hatching – download Hatchabatch in Google Play or Hatchabatch in iTunes.